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Russian anger at Turkey over Syria plane interception

Russian anger at Turkey over Syria plane interception

11 Ekim 2012 Perşembe 17:40
Moscow has accused Turkey of putting the lives of Russian passengers in danger by using its military to force a Syria-bound plane to land in Ankara.

The Syrian Air plane, from Moscow, was intercepted and searched on Wednesday on suspicion it was carrying weapons.

Officials in both Russia and Syria have strongly denied the allegations, with Damascus accusing Turkey of "piracy" and violating international law.

The incident has increased already high tensions between Turkey and Syria.

Shelling from within Syria killed five Turkish civilians last week - in response, Turkey fired into Syria for the first time since the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad began last year.

Meanwhile, Syria's Sana state news agency has reported an attack on a bus close to its border with Lebanon. It said eight passengers had been killed and eight injured when "terrorists" opened fire on the bus.

Shortly before the plane was grounded, Russian President Vladimir Putin had postponed a visit to Turkey, scheduled for next week, citing a heavy workload. The visit will now take place on 3 December, said Turkey.

'Air piracy'

The Airbus A320 airliner with about 30 passengers on board - far fewer than its 180 capacity - was intercepted on Wednesday evening by two Turkish fighters and escorted to the capital's Esenboga airport, where it was searched.

Analysis

A Syrian airliner forced to land in Turkey, accusations of "piracy" from the Syrians, and press reports in Turkey of the military being placed on heightened alert. It all adds up to a worsening of the escalating crisis between Ankara and Damascus.

This comes after a week of sporadic shelling, with Turkish gunners responding to what appear to be stray Syrian shells that have crossed the border and worsening rhetoric flying between the two capitals.

Turkey, of course, is acting to enforce the arms embargo it imposed against Syria. In the past, Turkish officials have searched the holds of merchant ships and seized items from an Iranian cargo plane. But it is the context here that is different. The crisis between Turkey and Syria is deepening. Any miscalculation by either side could have serious consequences.

Turkey's Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu told the Anatolia news agency that illegal and "objectionable" cargo which "should have been reported" had been confiscated.

He did not specify whether any weapons had been found, but unconfirmed reports in Turkish media said the seized items included boxes of military communication equipment.

Mr Davutoglu said Turkey, which imposed an arms embargo on Syria last year, would continue to investigate Syrian passenger planes flying over its air space.

But Russia's foreign ministry spokesman, Alexander Lukashevich, said Turkish officials had failed to inform its embassy that 17 Russian citizens were on board the plane.

"We are concerned that this emergency situation put at risk the lives and safety of passengers, who included 17 Russian citizens," he said.

"The Russian side continues to insist on an explanation of the reasons for such actions by the Turkish authorities."

Russia's Interfax news agency quoted an unnamed, highly placed Russian official as saying: "Neither weapons nor any systems or assembly parts for military equipment were or could have been on board the passenger plane."

The plane was allowed to take off at 02:30 (23:30 GMT on Wednesday), after several hours on the ground.

Turkey's foreign ministry said there was "no basis" for Moscow's safety concerns.

"After the landing, all measures were taken to ensure the safety of all passengers and to cater to their possible needs," the ministry said.

Handcuffs

Syrian Transport Minister Mahmoud Saeed accused Turkey of carrying out "air piracy" and breaking civil aviation agreements, according to Lebanon's al-Manar TV.

Gaida Abdul Latif, the head of Syrian Air, accused Turkey of endangering the plane's passengers and crew, saying the military aircraft "forced the plane to land without giving prior warning to the pilot".

"The military aircraft were so close that there could have been an accident," she said.

Meanwhile the plane's flight engineer, Haitham Kasser, said he witnessed the search, and that the crew had not objected to Turkish officials' requests to remove some of the cargo.

But he said that when the crew refused to hand over the boxes in question without a receipt, the officials returned with members of the armed forces.

"They handcuffed us and made us lie on the ground, then they took us out of the plane in two vehicles," he told the Associated Press within Syria.

One passenger, Fatima el-Saman, told Turkish newspaper Hurriyet that there were no weapons on the plane.

Russia's state arms supplier, Rosoboronexport, said in a statement it had no information about the plane's cargo, and denied it had any connection with the flight or anything on board.

Earlier, Mr Davutoglu had said Ankara had received information that the Damascus-bound plane could be carrying "non-civilian cargo".

Ankara was determined to stop any transfer of weapons to Syria through its airspace, he said.

In another sign of deteriorating relations, Turkish officials revealed on Thursday that Syria had stopped buying electricity from its neighbour last week.  (BBC)

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